But this is an excerpt from A New Human by Mike Morwood. Morwood led the team that discovered homo floresiensis in Indonesia. His work there also encompassed learning about the Manggarai, a tribe native to that part of Flores, and about their view of the world.
Beliefs about the beginning of the world and how life orginated determine many aspects of Manggarai life, including their traditional ceremonies, religious structures and the layout of fields, villages and houses. Like most other people on Flores, the Manggarai are overwhelmingly Catholic, but blend Christian beliefs with traditional adat beliefs that place emphasis on ancestral spirits and offerings. The Manggarai say that the first people emerged out of the strong, versatile bamboo plants on a newly formed Earth, which, after a great collision, was lifted streaming from the sea that covered the entire world. Back then, Earth, the mother, was connected by a vine to the Sky, the father. But mother and father flew apart when a dog bit the vine separating them. Human beings - who are said to have originally had long fur - spirits and animals were closely related to them. Humans became distinguished from other animals and forest spirits by their ability to cultivate plants. Finally, with the use of fire, came rules of eating and rules of marriage, and only then the transformation to human beings.
At first soft and malleable, the Earth hardened as it aged, trapping the impressions of ancestral activites and the sacred rituals associated with them. An ordered pattern of ritual was established, weaving together the connections between world, between clans, between human beings and ancestores, and between humans and the surrounding fields.
This is an elaborate mythology, or part of one, of course. But notably it does contain elements of the truth as we currently understand it, including the solidification of the Earth and the role of patterns in distinguishing matter from other matter. Which suggests that there are numerous paths to knowledge.